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(P. nigromaculatus & P. annularis) | regnum = Animalia | phylum = Chordata | classis = Actinopterygii | ordo = Perciformes | familia = Centrarchidae | genus = Pomoxis | genus_authority = Rafinesque, 1818 | type_species = Pomoxis annularis | type_species_authority = Rafinesque, 1818 | subdivision_ranks = Species | subdivision = }} The crappies (IPAc-en|ˈ|k|r|æ|p|iː or IPAc-en|ˈ|k|r|ɒ|p|iː)cite encyclopedia|url=|title=Crappie|encyclopedia=American Heritage Dictionary|edition=4th ed.|accessdate=2006-06-29cite encyclopedia|url=|title=Crappie|encyclopedia=Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary|accessdate=2006-06-29 are a genus, Pomoxis, of North American freshwater fish in the sunfish family Centrarchidae. Both species in this genus are popular game fish.


The genus name Pomoxis derives from the Greek πώμα (cover, plug, operculum) and οξύς (sharp). The common name (also spelled croppie or crappé), derives from the Canadian French crapet, which refers to many different fishes of the sunfish family. Other names for crappie are papermouths, strawberry bass, speckled bass or specks (especially in Michigan), speckled perch, calico bass (throughout New England), Massachusetts Wildlife sac-au-lait (in southern Louisiana, lit "bag of milk") Sac-a-lait or Crappie at and Oswego bass.Citation needed|date=September 2010


There are currently two recognized species in this genus:FishBase genus | genus = Pomoxis| month = February | year = 2013


Both species of crappie as adults feed predominantly on smaller species, including the young of their own predators (which include the northern pike, muskellunge, and walleye). They have diverse diets, however, including zooplankton, insects, and crustaceans.FishBase species|genus=Pomoxis|species=annularis|year=2006|month=MarchFishBase species|genus=Pomoxis|species=nigromaculatus|year=2006|month=March By day, crappie tend to be less active and to concentrate around weed beds or submerged objects, such as logs and boulders; they feed especially at dawn and dusk, moving then into open water or approaching the shore.Cite web|work=NatureServe Explorer|title=Comprehensive Report Species – Pomoxis annularis|url=|accessdate=2006-06-29Cite web|work=NatureServe Explorer|title=Comprehensive Report Species – Pomoxis nigromaculatus|url=|accessdate=2006-06-29


FORMATTER ERROR (Malformed Image Tag) The Pomoxis species are highly regarded game fishes and are often considered to be among the best tasting freshwater fish. Because of their diverse diets, crappies may be caught in many ways, including casting light jigs, trolling with minnows or artificial lures, using small spinnerbaits, or using bobbers. Crappies are also popular with ice-fishers, as they are active in winter.Cite web|title=Black Crappie|url=|publisher=Florida Museum of Natural History Ichthyology Department|accessdate=2006-06-29


fly fishing targets Angling for crappies is popular throughout much of North America. Methods vary, but among the most popular is called "Spider Rigging," a method characterized by a fisherman in a boat with many long fishing rods pointing away from the angler at various angles like spokes from a wheel.Cite web|title=Super Crappie Systems |url= |publisher=In-Fisherman|accessdate=23 February 2007 |archiveurl = |archivedate = 22 December 2006 Anglers who employ the Spider Rigging method may choose from among many popular baits, like corn. Some of the most popular are plastic jigs with lead jig heads, crankbaits or live minnows. Many anglers also chum or dump live bait into the water to attract the fish hoping the fish will bite their bait. Crappies are also regularly targeted and caught during the spawning period by fly fishermen, and can be taken from frozen ponds and lakes in winter by ice fishing.

Commercial fishing

A commercial fishery for crappies existed at Reelfoot Lake in Tennessee until 2003. It was one of the few commercial fisheries for crappies.Citation needed|date=April 2010



Further reading

  • ITIS |id=168165 |taxon=Pomoxis |accessdate=29 June 2006
  • Cite book|last=Ellis |first=Jack |title=The Sunfishes-A Fly Fishing Journey of Discovery |year=1993 |publisher=Abenaki Publishers, Inc. |location=Bennington, VT|isbn=0-936644-17-6
  • Cite book|last=Rice |first=F. Philip |title=America's Favorite Fishing: A Complete Guide to Angling for Panfish |year=1964 |publisher=Harper Row |location=New York
  • Cite book|last=Rice |first=F. Philip |title=Panfishing |year=1984 |publisher=Stackpole Books |location=New York |isbn=0-943822-25-4
  • Cite book|last=Malo |first=John |title=Fly-Fishing for Panfish |publisher=Dillon Press Inc. |location=Minneapolis, Minnesota |year=1981 |isbn=0-87518-208-9

External links

Commons category|Pomoxis
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Wikipedia Reference: Crappie